Step 3: the secondary form of the consonants

This is the last step in learning the Telugu alphabet. It is about learning the secondary form of the consonants. As you already know from the introduction these secondary forms are used to add one or more additional consonants to the consonant-vowel syllables.

For example:

combined consonants example

So in order to add a second consonant to a given consonant-vowel syllable, you add a secondary form of that consonant.

To add even more consonants to the syllable just repeat this step. Try to write some syllables with 3 or more consonants in the typewriter (eg. 'mmma').

 

Chart

The chart below shows these secondary forms together with the consonants primary form. For example: the first symbol is a 'ka' with an additional 'k' added, which makes up the syllable 'kka'.

 

combined consonants chart

As mentioned before, most of the symbols don't change very much in their secondary form. The only difference is that they do not have a tick (talakattu) in the secondary form. There are only 8 symbols that change significantly, which again require a little more attention.

Please use the methods you allready know to learn these forms. There are flascards provided for each symbol, a chart, a workbook, a how-to section and some exercises below.

Again, the key to remember these symbols quickly and easily is to make up new stories for each new symbol. Be creative! Ask yourself what this form remembers you to and make a connection to the primary symbol.

 

How to write

Click on the symbol to see how it is drawn:

Symbol   Example
ka ka

Lesson 1, Exercise 28:

mērī ekkada undi?

ta ta

Lesson 1, Exercise 25:

ā pustakam vela enta?

na na

Lesson 1, Exercise 22:

nannu enduku pilicāvu?

ma ma

Lesson 1, Exercise 43:

nannu enduku pilicāvu?

ma ma

Lesson 1, Exercise 41:

ayyō! paḍipōyāda!

ra ra

Lesson 1, Exercise 17:

erra gulābī pūsinda?

la la

Lesson 1, Exercise 30:

nīku enni māmiḍipandlu kāvāli?

va va

Lesson 1, Exercise 34:

rāmuki ivvu.

 

Read exercises

Please note, that you can now turn any of the exercises you already learned in the tutorial into a read exercise. As soon as you feel save enough, you can use a removable white tape to cover the transliteration on your printout and work with the Telugu script only from that point on. Here are some sentences to get started.

  Read exercises
1.
check result
2.
check result
3.
check result
4.
check result
5.
check result

 

Write exercises

In the same way you can turn any exercise into a write exercise. Use your MP3-player to play the exercises, write down the sentences, and then compare it with the printouts. There is an exercise sheet with lines if you want to use that.

Here are some sentences to give you an idea of how this works.

  Write exercises
1.

check result
2.

check result
3.

check result
4.

check result
5.

check result
 

Further reading

If you would like to have some additional resources for learning the alphabet please have a look at the Intensive Course in Telugu by Parimi Ramanarasimham. Lesson 1, 2, and 3 deal with the alphabet.

AttachmentSize
Conjunct Consonants - Chart.pdf35.53 KB
Conjunct Consonants - Workbook.pdf203.53 KB
telugu-flashcards-vottulu.pdf120.29 KB
practice-sheet.pdf19.64 KB